Multimodal Metaphor Approach to the Meaning-Making of the United Nations' Posters

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Putu Dea Indah Kartini
Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg
I Made Netra


This study aims to identify the metaphors used in the images and textual elements of selected United Nations (UN) posters, analyze how these metaphors convey meaning, and understand the functions of the messages delivered. The data was sourced from the official Instagram account of the UN, @unitednations. The data were analyzed using a descriptive-qualitative approach with the application of multimodal metaphor theory by Forceville (2009) and visual grammar theory by Kress and Van Leeuwen (2020). The results indicate that the visual and verbal processes in these posters are complementary and work together to provide a cohesive message to the audience. The analysis reveals that the metaphors used in the posters serve to enhance the communication of complex global issues by making abstract concepts more relatable and understandable. This study contributes to the understanding of how multimodal metaphors in posters can be effectively used for global communication.


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Kartini, P. D. I., Rajeg, G. P. W., & Netra, I. M. (2024). Multimodal Metaphor Approach to the Meaning-Making of the United Nations’ Posters. J-CEKI : Jurnal Cendekia Ilmiah, 3(5), 2430–2439.
Author Biography

Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on the Humanities & Social Sciences (CIRHSS), Udayana University & University of Oxford

Gede Primahadi Wijaya Rajeg lectures at the Bachelor of English Literature and the Linguistics Doctoral programs, both at the Faculty of Humanities, Udayana University, and is a researcher in the Centre for Interdisciplinary Research on the Humanities & Social Sciences (CIRHSS:, leading the CompLexico research group ( Since 2023, he has been a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Oxford, UK, as part of the AHRC-funded research team to develop lexical resources for Enggano, a threatened language spoken on the Enggano island, Indonesia.


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